The town of
Nessebar was established at the end of 2 000 B.C. by the Thracians. Greek colonizers turned it into a Greek Polis (a city-state) at the end of 6th c. B.C.;
Rome joined it to the Empire in 1st c. B.C.; and A.D. 4th c. saw Nessebur within the frontiers of
Byzantium. Nessebur, conquered by the Bulgarians in 812, reached its new zenith between the 13 and 15th centuries. Together with Constantinople, the capital of
Byzantium, fell under the reign of the Osman Turks in 1453. In 1878 Nessebar welcomed the Russian liberation troops.
The archaeological study of the Nessebar peninsula and its aquatory done during the last four decades revealed rich collections of significant cultural monuments illustrating the history of ancient Messambria and medieval Nessebar. A large part of them are present exhibits in the new Nessebar archaeological museum. The museum exhibition area includes a foyer and four halls. The UNESCO Diploma, certifying the Ancient Nessebar registration on the world cultural heritage list in 1983, can be seen in the foyer.
Old town ladmarks
1. Christ Pantokrator - 13-14 c.
2. St. Stefan - 10 c.
3. St. John Aliturgetos- 14 c.
4. St. John the Baptist 10-11 c.
5. St. Spas - 17 c.
6. St. Archangels Gavrail and Michael - 13-14 c.
7. St. Paraskeva - 13 c.
8. St. Sofia ( Old Bishopric) - 5-6 c.
9. St. Todor - 14 c.
10. active ortodox church The Assumption - 20 c.
1. Byzantine fortified walls- 5 c.
2. Black sea wooden houses from the period of the Bulgarian Revival - 18- 19 c.
3. Rome baths- 5 c.
4. Turkish bath - 17 c.
5. Turkish fontain- 18 c.
6. Archeological museum
7. Ethnographical museum